Tuesday, 19 September 2017

LETTER, STORIES AND DIALOGUES FOR CLASS 9

LETTER WRITING
QUESTION NO. 1
(i) Write a letter to your mother who is worried about your health. 
(ii) Write a letter to your father asking him about the health of your mother.
(iii) Write a letter to your sister congratulating her on her success in the exams. 


Letter to Mother Who is Worried About Your Health

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Mother,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I received your letter yesterday. I am glad to know that you are fine. 
     Worry often gives a small thing a big shadow. I was running a temperature due to bad throat. But it was a temporary ailment. I remained ill for two days. But the medicines prescribed by the hostel physician have made me fully recovered. It is just weakness followed by the disease. 
     Moreover, I am taking good care of my sleep, diet and exercise. I have changed my daily routine according to the proverbial saying: "Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise." I have started attending my classes regularly. I hope that after these assurances you will stop worrying about me. 
Pay my regards to all at home. 


Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z. 

Letter to Father Asking About the Health of Mother

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Father,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any bad news from you, my sorrow knows no bounds. It makes my heart bleed. I received your letter yesterday. I am really worried to know that mother is suffering from high blood pressure. 
     I want to be at home at this hour of need. But I am badly held up because of my final exams. I will visit as soon as my exams are over. However, I will always pray to Allah Almighty for her perfect health after every prayer. "Wa iza mariztu fahuwa yashfeen."
     I hope that she is taking precautionary measures to bring it to normal. Please bring her to a cardiologist. Also ask her to take her medicines regularly, avoid excessive salt intake and eat fresh fruits. Finally, inform me about her present condition as early as possible. 
Anxiously waiting for your reply. 

Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z.
Letter to Sister Congratulating Her on Her Success

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Sister,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I received your letter yesterday. I am glad to know that you have stood first in your class. 
     Marks are never good or bad, these are always better or worse. No doubt, you have secured distinction in all the subjects of class 9. However, you need to burn more midnight oil next year for the competition will be quite hard. I believe you will translate the dreams of your parents and teachers. 
     I owe you a very special gift which is a token of my love for you. I will reach home this Sunday and give this gift to you personally. Moreover, to celebrate your brilliant success, I will give a grand treat to my family, your teachers and friends on your behalf. 
Pay my regards to all at home.

Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.

QUESTION NO. 2
(i) Write a letter to your mother about the test you have just taken. 
(ii) Write a letter to your father requesting him to send you some extra funds for the payment of hostel dues.
(iii) Write a letter to your brother about the importance of the study of science subjects. 


Letter to Mother About the Test

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Mother,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I received your letter yesterday. I am glad to know that you are fine.
     I am sorry, I did not write to you earlier as I was busy preparing for my test in Physics. It was held yesterday. It was a 50 marks test and consisted of two sections - objective and subjective. It was, in fact, a half book test. We were given only one and half hour to solve it.
     My performance in the test is outstanding. Though the test was lengthy, I managed to attempt all the questions in time. My presentation was fabulous. Unfortunately, I was left with no time to revise the test. However, I hope to secure more than 90% marks in it. I request you to pray for my brilliant success.
Pay my regards to everyone at home. 
     
Yours affectionately,
X,Y.Z.


Letter to Father Requesting Funds for Hostel Dues

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Father,
   Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I hope that this letter would find you in the best of health and spirits.
     My performance in studies is outstanding. However, I am upset financially. For the last few months, I have been finding it difficult to meet my expenses out of the amount you send me every month. After buying stationery, notes and paying my tuition fee, I am left hardly with any money for the payment of my hostel dues.
     I have borne this hardship, but now I feel I can bear it no longer. I, therefore, request an increase of 2000 rupees in my monthly allowance. I know this increment will be a burden on you. However, I assure you that I will not waste a single penny out of my monthly allowance. Moreover, I am trying to get some part time job to alleviate your financial burden.
Pay my regards to everyone at home.
 
Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.

Letter to Brother About the Importance of Science Subjects

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Hamza,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I am glad to know that you have now been promoted to class nine. 
     It is in your moments of decision that your destiny is shaped. It is time for you to decide whether you would like to study humanities or science subjects. Supremacy of science has been established in every field of life. In fact, so great is the importance of science for man and society that the present people live in an "age of science". 
     Science will revolutionize you life. It will provide you a unique training in observation, investigation and reasoning. It will teach you about manifestation, evidence and proof. Therefore, I advise you to opt Physics, Chemistry and Biology at least up to matriculation level. 
     Convey my salam to your friends. 

Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.
QUESTION NO. 3
(i) Write a letter to you friend congratulating her on her birthday. 
(ii) Write a letter to your friend requesting her to spend her spring holidays with you. 
(iii) Write a letter to your friend congratulating him on the marriage of his sister. 


Letter to Friend Congratulating Her on Her Birthday

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Ayesha,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I am glad to know that you are going to celebrate your sixteenth birthday. 
     Once in a year this eventful day comes in the life of every one. It is a very special day because we were born on this day as a gift of Allah Almighty for our parents and other human beings. Moreover, it is an occasion for meeting, rejoicing and feasting. We reach a new milestone. 
     I have received your invitation card. I am sorry that I cannot come to attend your birthday party because of illness of my mother. However, I have posted you a gift which is a token of my love for your. I wish you a very happy, prosperous and peaceful life. May every glowing candle on your birthday cake turn into a realizable wish!
Convey my respects to aunt and uncle. 

Yours sincerely, 
X.Y.Z.



Letter to Friend Requesting Her to Spend Holidays With You

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Ayesha,
     I am writing this letter to inform you that the schools in Punjab will be closed on 15th of this month for spring holidays. I know you have not any special business during these holidays. I would be free for the first 20 days before I join summer camp on 5th of the next month. 
     I cordially invite you to come to my village to spend some of your holidays with me. In your last letter you promised to come to me during these holidays. Now it is time to fulfil your promise. I know that your promise is your bond with me.
     You will enjoy the cool, calm and pure atmosphere of my village. The natural scenery which abounds in my village is sure to fill your heart with felicity. You will love the hospitality of my parents. Inform me as early as possible about the exact date of your arrival so that I make further arrangements accordingly. 
Pay my respects to aunt and uncle. 

Yours sincerely,
X.Y.Z.



Letter to Friend Congratulating Him on His Sister's Marriage

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Arif,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any good news from you, my joy knows no bounds. It gives me a heart-winning fragrance. I am very glad to know that your elder sister is going to be married next Sunday. 
     I have received your invitation card. I wish I could attend the fascinating rural wedding ceremony. However, I will not be able to attend this festivity because of illness of my mother. She is in the hospital now. 
     May the marriage be solemnized with grace, dignity and happiness. I wish your sister a lifetime of love, happiness and prosperity. I have posted a gift for your sister and her groom. Convey my heartiest congratulations and best wishes to all the members of your family. 

Yours sincerely, 
X.Y.Z. 

QUESTION NO. 4
(i) Write a letter to your friend requesting him to lend some books. 
(ii) Write a letter to your friend thanking her for hospitality during your visit to her house. 
(iii) Write a letter to your friend condoling the death of his mother. 


Letter to Friend Requesting Him to Lend Some Books

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Arif,
     My examination is over and I have not much to do these days. I have made a plan to improve my English. My teachers say that extensive reading of English authors is the best way of acquiring mastery in English.
     You talked once about your fine collection of English novels and plays. I want to borrow a few novels from you. Please lend me "The Old Man and the Sea" by Ernest Hemingway, "Animal Farm" by George Orwell, "Lord of the Flies" by William Golding, "Emma" by Jane Austen and "Great Expectations" by Charles Dickens.
     I hope that you will not refuse. I assure you that I shall take care of your books. I know that a book is neither a toy nor a bug smacker. It is like a friend and should be treated like a friend. I shall try to return these books as early as possible.
Pay my compliments to your parents.

Yours sincerely,
X.Y.Z.
Letter to Friend Thanking Her for Hospitality

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Saba,
     I reached home safely at 3:30 p.m. yesterday. It took me four hours to reach my home from your residence. All the way, my mind was obsessed with the thoughts of you and your family members. Now I am at home but think I have left my soul in the cool, calm and pure atmosphere of your village.
     It was really a big treat to spend a week with you and your family in the natural beauty of your village. You were a great hostess and took many pains to make me comfortable. I shall never forget the taste of Biryani and Quorma you cooked one day. The love of your parents for me is also unforgettable. I have never seen such a family like yours. 
     Memories are more indelible than ink. Days pass however the memories and associations they leave refuse to die. The duration of my stay with you will ever be cherished in my memories as the happiest period of my life. I feel proud to have such a friend like you. 
    Convey my salam to aunt and uncle.

Yours sincerely, 
X.Y.Z. 

Letter to Friend Condoling the Death of His Mother

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Friend,
     Though our relationship is a perennial bond of intimate relation yet whenever I get any bad news from you, my sorrow knows no bounds. It makes my heart bleed. I am extremely shocked to know that you have been deprived of your beloved mother forever. 
     Your mother was a very kind, noble and God-fearing lady. She had saintly qualities and sweet manners. I had special attachment to her. She loved me as her own son. I will never forget her words, "Hard work and perseverance is a key to success."
     Sooner or later everyone has to die. No one can escape from the cruel jaws of death. The laws of nature are absolute. We have to bow before them. I wonder if my words of sympathy can dry your tears and lessen your grief. Nothing but time can soother your sorrow. Have patience and bear this loss with courage. May her soul rest in peace!
I hope to see you very soon.  

Yours truly,
X.Y.Z.
QUESTION NO. 5
(i) Write a letter to your brother advising him to take steps to improve his health. 
(ii) Write a letter to your sister thanking her for a gift. 
(iii) Write a letter to your friend thanking him for the books he lent to you. 


Letter to Brother Advising Him to Improve His Health

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Brother,


Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.
Letter to Sister Thanking Her for a Gift

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Sister,

Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.
Letter to Friend Thanking Him for the Books

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Friend,

TRANSLATION FROM ENGLISH INTO URDU - CLASS 9

TRANSLATION - ENGLISH INTO URDU
QUESTION NO. 1
Translate the following paragraphs into Urdu.
1. The Saviour of Mankind
(i)
     Arabia is a land of unparalleled charm and beauty, with its trackless deserts of sand dunes in the dazzling rays of a tropical sun. Its starry sky has excited the imagination of poets and travellers. It was in this land that the Rasool (SAW) was born, in the city of Makkah, which is about fifty miles from the Red Sea.
(ii) 
     The Arabs possessed a remarkable memory and were an eloquent people. Their eloquence and memory found expression in their poetry. Every year a fair was held for poetical competitions at Ukaz. It is narrated that Hammad said to Caliph Walid bin Yazid: "I can recite to you, for each letter of the alphabet, one hundred long poems, without taking into account short pieces, and all of that composed exclusively by poets before the promulgation of Islam." It is no small wonder that Allah Almighty chose the Arabic language for His final dispensation and preservation of His Word. 
(iii)
     In the fifth and sixth centuries, mankind stood on the verge of chaos. It seemed that the civilization which had taken four thousand years to grow had started crumbling. At this point in time, Allah Almighty raised a Rasool from among themselves who was to lift the humanity from ignorance into the light of faith. When Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was thirty-eight years of age, he spent most of his time in solitude and meditation. In the cave of Hira, he used to retire with food and water and spend days and weeks in remembrance of Allah Almighty.
(iv) 
     The period of waiting had come to a close. His heart was overflowing with profound compassion for humanity. He had a pressing urge to eradicate wrong beliefs, social evils, cruelty and injustice. The moment had arrived when he was to be bestowed with nabuwat. One day, when he was in the cave of Hira, Hazrat Jibril (Gabriel) (AS) came and conveyed him the following message of Allah Almighty: Read in the name of thy Lord Who created; created man from a clot (of congealed blood): Read and thy Lord is most Bountiful, Who taught (the use of) the pen, taught man that which he not not. (Quran, 96: 1-5)
(v) 
     The revelation of the Divine message which continued for the next twenty-three years had begun, and the Rasool (SAW) had arisen to proclaim Oneness of Allah (Tauheed) and the unity of mankind. His mission was to destroy the nexus of superstition, ignorance, and disbelief, set up a noble conception of life and lead mankind to the light of faith and divine bliss.
(vi)
     Since this belief was threatening their dominance in the society, the pagan Arabs started to mount pressure on the Rasool (SAW) and his followers. They wanted them to renounce their cause and take to idol-worshipping. On one occasion, they sent a delegation to the Rasool's (SAW) kind and caring uncle, Abu Talib. They told him to restrain the Rasool (SAW) from preaching Allah Almighty's message, or face their enmity. Finding himself in a dilemma, he sent for his nephew, and explained to him the situation. The Rasool (SAW) responded with these memorable words:My dear uncle, if they put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left, even then I shall not abandon the proclamation of the Oneness of Allah (Tauheed). I shall set up the true faith upon the earth or perish in the attempt.
(vii) 
     The Rasool's (SAW) uncle was so impressed with his nephew's firm determination that he replied, "Son of my brother, go thy way, none will dare touch thee. I shall never forsake thee." And the Rasool (SAW) did go the way Allah Almighty had chosen for mankind. Imbued with Divine Guidance and firm resolve, the Rasool (SAW) encountered all the challenges with grace and dignity. In no time he elevated man to the highest possible level in both spiritual and worldly domains. He was also a driving force behind Arab conquests, which have created an everlasting impression on human history. No wonder, he is universally acknowledged as the most influential figure in history. In the words of Michael Hart, a great historian:
(viii) 
     "Muhammad (SAW), however, was responsible for both the theology of Islam and its main ethical and moral principles. In addition he played a key role in proselytizing the new faith, and in establishing the religious practices ... In fact as the driving force behind the Arab conquests, he may well rank as the most influential political leader of all time ... The Arab conquests of the seventh century have continued to play an important role in human history, down to the present day."
(ix) 
     Such a thorough transformation of man and society owes to the Rasool's (SAW) deep faith in Allah Almighty, to his love for humanity, and to the nobility of his character. Indeed, his life is a perfect model to follow. In reply to a question about the life of the Rasool (SAW), Hazrat Ayesha (RA) said, "His morals and character are an embodiment of the Holy Quran." The final word about the saviour of mankind goes to the Holy Quran: O Nabi! Surely, We have sent you as a witness, and as a bearer of good news and as a warner. And as one inviting to Allah by His permission, and as a light-giving torch. (Quran, 33: 45-46)
2. Patriotism
(x)
     Patriotism means love for the motherland or devotion to one's country. A patriot loves his country and is willing to sacrifice when the need arises. The word patriot comes from the Latin word 'patriota' which means countryman. It is considered a commendable quality.
     Patriotism gives people the strength and courage to safeguard the interest of the country and nation. For a patriot the sovereignty, integrity and honour of the country are supreme values on which no compromise can be made. Patriots render sacrifice for the preservation and protection of these values.
(xi) 
     Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a nation builder and a great patriot. He wanted to protect the values, culture, and traditions of the Muslims of the subcontinent. He gave the Muslims a sense of identity by securing a separate homeland for them. He said, "We must develop a sense of patriotism which galvanizes us all into one united and strong nation."
     The spirit of patriotism makes us stay alert in the wake of foreign invasion. In the history of Pakistan there are many instances when people laid their lives for the defense of the country. In the wars of 1965, 1971 and the Kargil War, many brave soldiers gave their lives in an attempt to protect the homeland.
(xii)
     Captain Muhammad Sarwar, Major Tufail Muhammad, Major Aziz Bhatti, Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas, Major Muhammad Akram, Major Shabbir Sharif, Sowar Muhammad Hussain, Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfooz, Captain Karnal Sher Khan and Havildar Lalak Jan -- all embraced martyrdom while fighting bravely for their motherland. All of them were awarded Nishan-e-Haider, the highest military award given to great patriots who lay down their lives for the country.
     Patriotism, therefore, is not just a feeling, it is a live spirit that continuously inspires and guides a nation. In the words of S.W. Scott, a man devoid of patriotic spirit, is like the one who:
"Breathes there the man with soul so dead
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land."

QUESTION NO. 2
Translate the following paragraphs into Urdu.
3. Media and Its Impact
(i)
     Miss Ayesha is the favourite teacher of class IX. The students eagerly attend her class. Miss Ayesha enters the classroom with her usual smile, greets the students and takes the roll-call. It is their tutorial day. The students are all geared up. They know what is about to come and they are prepared for it. 
"Shall we start?", she asks politely.
"Yes", the students nod.
(ii) 
Teacher: "OK, as we have decided earlier, the topic for today's discussion is "Role of Media and Its Impact". To start with, let me state clearly that media is the most powerful mode of communication. It shares news and information with the people. Sometimes media spreads false news but generally it informs us about the facts around us. Do you agree?
Students: Yes, we do. 
(iii) 
Student 1: I would like to add a bit to it. 
Teacher: Yes, sure!
Student 1: Media helps people to share knowledge of the world. The feelings and opinions are expressed through it. Media attracts the attention of a very large audience. Have you noticed that the first thing we do soon after entering the house is to switch on the television?
Teacher: There is no doubt about it. 
(iv) 
Student 2: Let me say that media has become a part of our life. It not only informs us but also entertains us. 
Teacher: Absolutely right. Well, do you have any idea about the two major means of communication?
Student 3: There are two means of communication, electronic media and print media. The media includes film, radio, television, internet, books, magazines and newspapers. It provides us information as well as entertainment. 
Teacher: Good! It's through media that the world has become a global village. There is coverage of all the important events of the world on television. We can have an easy access to all kinds of information through media. 
(v) 
Student 4: Can we say that the world is just a click away?
Teacher: May be, well, would any other student like to say something on it?
(Miss Ayesha points to the student sitting at the end)
Student 5: Madam, in my opinion, media plays a very constructive role for society. In raises awareness about many social issues like corruption, terrorism, drug addiction, and violation of human rights. 
Teacher: Yes, you are right.
Student 6: Media has also become a mouth piece of the downtrodden. 
(vi) 
Teacher: Yes, well said. It would not be wrong to say that media is the most vigilant institution that keeps an eye on every segment of the society. Through debates, reports and talk shows it makes everyone answerable and accountable. That is why media has become an integral part of our lives. Now, I would invite one of you to sum up the discussion.
Student 1: I would conclude the discussion by saying that media can play a positive role and has a corrective impact if it works honestly. 
Teacher: Good conclusion. I am happy that all of you have participated in this discussion and have expressed yourselves very well. (The bell rings, Miss Ayesha says goodbye to the class and leaves.)
4. Hazrat Asma (RA)
(vii)
     The Rasool (SAW) and his close companion, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA), migrated from Makkah to Madinah in the year 622 A.D. When the chiefs of various tribes of Makkah came to know about the migration of the Rasool (SAW) and his close companion, Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA), they got furious. The chiefs were determined more than ever to find them out. They offered huge rewards and bounties for their capture, dead of alive.
(viii) 
     The preparation of this journey was made at the house of Hazrat Abu Bark Siddique (RA). Hazrat Asma (RA) rendered useful services in this regard. She prepared food for this journey. She tied the food on the camel back with her own belt as nothing else could be found. For this service she was given the title of Zaat-un-Nataqin by the Rasool (SAW)
(ix) 
     During the perilous journey, it was very difficult for anyone to supply food to Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). The situation was so delicate that the slightest mistake could have endangered the life of the Rasool (SAW). This grand task was nicely undertaken by Hazrat Asma (RA), the daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA). Every night, with the pack of food, she would quietly venture towards the rugged mountains in which lay the cave of Thawr. She took care of the minute detail in accomplishing the task. How difficult it must have been for her to transverse the rocky path at night, with the constant fear of being detected!
(x) 
     On the night of the migration, a tribal chief of disbelievers, Abu Jehl, in a fit of fury headed towards Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique's (RA) home. He began knocking at the door violently. Addressing Hazrat Asma (RA), he demanded, "Where is your father?" She politely replied, "How would I know?" This response shows the wisdom and courage of Hazrat Asma (RA). She didn't make a statement the would give him a clue. She simply posed a counter question that infuriated Abu Jehl. He slapped Hazrat Asma's (RA) face so hard that her ear-ring fell off but she remained steadfast and did not reveal the secret.
(xi)
     Her grandfather, Hazrat Abu Quhaffa was a disbeliever at that time. He was very old and had become blind. He said to her, "Asma, I think Abu Bakr has taken all the wealth, leaving you and children empty-handed and helpless. At this, she instantly ran to a corner of the home. She gathered some pebbles and put them at the place where her father used to keep his money and jewels. She covered it with a piece of cloth. "Come grandfather, look! he has left all this for us". He touched the cloth and thought it was full of gold and jewels. His concern was alleviated and he felt relieved to know that Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) had left all his wealth at home.
(xii) 
     Hazrat Asma (RA) was amongst the early few who accepted Islam. She was the daughter of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique (RA) and step sister of Hazrat Ayesha Siddiqua (RA). She was the wife of Hazrat Zubair bin al-Awwam (RA) and mother of Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair (RA). She died at the ripe old age of about hundred years. Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair (RA) used to say that he had not seen anybody more generous and open hearted than his aunt Hazrat Ayesha (RA) and his mother. Hazrat Asma (RA) was so generous that she sold the garden inherited after the death of her sister, Hazrat Ayesha (RA). She gave away all the money to the poor and the needy. Nobody ever returned empty-handed from her doorstep.
     Hazrat Asma (RA) will always be remembered for her courage, generosity and wisdom. She had resolute faith in Allah Almighty. Her life would always be a beacon of light for all of us.

QUESTION NO. 3
Translate the following paragraphs into Urdu.
5. The Quaid's Vision and Pakistan
(i) 
     During the early and difficult times of Pakistan's emergence, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, undertook a countrywide tour. He aimed at raising people's spirit. 
     "Do not be overwhelmed by the enormity of the task", he said in a speech at Lahore, "There are many examples in the history of young nations building themselves up by sheer determination and force of character. You are made of sterling material and second to none. Keep up your morale. Do not be afraid of death. We should face it bravely to save the honour of Pakistan and of Islam. Do your duty and have faith in Pakistan. It has come to stay."
(ii)
     The entire journey of the great leader's struggle for a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent was based on the pivot of the Muslim unity and oneness as a nation. He talked about Pakistan in such clear terms that a common man could understand it. 
     "We are a nation," he affirmed three years before the birth of Pakistan, "with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and moral codes, custom and calendar, history and tradition, aptitude and ambitions ---- in short, we have our own distinctive outlook on life."
     The ideology of Pakistan was based on the fundamental principle that the Muslims are an independent nation. Any attempt to merge their national and political identity will be strongly resisted.
(iii)
     Quaid-e-Azam was a man of strong faith and belief. He firmly believed that the new emerging state of Pakistan based on Islamic principles would reform the society as a whole. In his Eid message, September 1945, Quaid-e-Azam said, "Islam is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim society, every department of life collectively and individually."
(iv)
     Today the Quaid's Pakistan is facing numerous challenges. We have forgotten how much struggle Muslims had made under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. We can overcome our present difficulties by following the Quaid's golden motto, "Faith, Unity and Discipline". We can make our nation strong by remembering his advice to the youth, "It is now up to you to work, work and work; and we are bound to succeed."
6. Sultan Ahmad Masjid
(v) 
     The Sultan Ahmad Masjid is one of the most impressive monuments in the world. It is also known as Blue Masjid because of the blue tiles that embellish its interior. Situated in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and the capital of Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923, it has become the most popular tourist attraction.
(vi) 
     It was constructed between 1609 and 1616, during the rule of Ahmad I. As was the custom, this masjid like other masajid of the time, comprises a tomb of the founder, a madrassha and a hospice.
     Construction of the masjid started in 1609. The royal architect Sedefhar Mehmat Aga, was appointed by the Sultan as in-charge of the project. The opening ceremony was held in 1616. Unfortunately, the Sultan could not see the completion of the masjid in his life. It was completed in the reign of his successor Mustafa I.
(vii) 
     Blue Masjid reflects the architectural style of both Ottoman masjid and Byzentine church. Hagia Sophia, a masjid, one of the wonders of Muslim architecture, was also kept in view as a model. Blue Masjid even today is considered to be unmatched in splendour, majesty and size.
(viii) 
     The masjid has a spacious forecourt surrounded by a continuous vaulted arcade. It has ablution facilities on both sides. In the centre there is a fountain which is rather small in contrast with the magnitude of the courtyard. A heavy iron chain hangs in the upper part of the court entrance on the western side. This side was meant for the Sultan alone. The chain was put there so that the Sultan had to lower his head every time he entered the court. It was the symbolic gesture to ensure the humility of the ruler in the face of the divine.
(ix) 
     The interior of the masjid at the lower level is lined with more than 20,000 hand-made ceramic tiles in more than 50 different tulip designs. At gallery level the design becomes flamboyant with representation of flowers, fruit and cypresses.
     The upper level of the interior is adorned with blue paint. More than 200 stained glass windows with intricate designs allow natural light to brighten up its interior and the chandeliers further illuminate it with their glow. The decorations include A'yat from the Holy Quran. The floors are covered with carpets.
(x) 
     The most important element in the interior of the masjid is the mehrab, which is made of finely carved marble. To the right of the mehrab is a richly decorated pulpit. The masjid is so designed that even when it is most crowded, everyone in the masjid can hear and see the Imam.
     The royal room is situated at the south east corner. It has its own pulpit that used to be decorated with jade and roses.
(xi)
     The Blue Masjid has six minarets. Four minarets stand one each at the four corners of the masjid. Each of these pencil shaped minarets has three balconies, while the other two at the end of the forecourt have only two balconies.
(xii)
     In the evening, a large number of tourists and Turks gather in the park facing the masjid to hear the call of the evening namaz. The masjid is flooded with lights and so are the hearts of the believers with divine love. Though much has been lost of Blue Masjid over the years yet it has not lost the love of its visitors. The masjid is still one of the most frequently visited monuments of the world.

QUESTION NO. 4
Translate the following paragraphs into Urdu.
7. All is Not Lost
(i)
     It was the beginning of my profession as a nurse. I worked in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of neurology ward. As a young professional, I wished to save the world. I was excited to see patients making quick recoveries from devastating accidents, yet I was pained to nurse those who were struck with acute neurological disorder.
     One day, standing at the beside of a young bus-accident victim, I wondered if she could make the same recovery as others. Hira had received severe head and spinal injuries as she was hit by a speeding bus while crossing a busy road. I took her lifeless arm in my hands and tried to do several exercises on her but in vain. Also, I made her younger sister come and talk to her, thinking that the voice of a near and dear one might activate the nearly dead neurons. She could see but not talk. Her eyes showed a certain helplessness. I could read her mind through hers eyes. Perhaps she wanted to say, "Please help me."
(ii)
     A fellow nurse came near me and asked, "Rahila, what are you doing? Fighting a lost battle?" I was shocked at first to hear a colleague making a hopeless comment. Then I replied, "I'm trying to make her brain process her sister's voice. Also, I am doing my best to ensure that her arms and legs get proper exercise. This might help her walk like a normal person." Meanwhile, a senior doctor on duty, walked in. He gave me an ironic smile and said, "If you spend most of your duty hours on one patient, we will have to recruit more nurses to attend to other patients. Please go and see other patients. We do not have much hope for her. I don't think that she can ever walk again."
     I was upset. The advice to leave the patient unattended did not seem right. I knew that she had suffered from major neural damage, but she needed to be given a chance. An inner voice somewhere within me spoke, "Try once for her."
(iii)
     I went to the senior nurse and told her that I wanted to help this patient and work with her more closely. The senior nurse looked at me with utter surprise and remarked that she had orders from the doctor-in-charge to shift her to the general ward. The doctors thought that she was a hopeless case and the bed must be spared for other patients. I was shocked to hear this. The patient's family also requested me to help them fight the case. Something needed to be done. I could not leave my patient fighting a lost battle on her own. I made up my mind to risk my career and help the patient. I requested the senior doctors to allow me to attend to this young helpless patient. Somehow, I was able to make the patient stay in the ICU.
(iv) 
    I continued to work on Hira. But she was not making much recovery. I felt as helpless as she was to see her lie on bed in a miserable state. Could I be able to justify my stance before the senior doctors? I did not lose hope. I continued to work with patience and kept doing exercises with her. Gradually, I could see her making a slight recovery. One day, I was thrilled to see her lift her little finger. All was not lost!
(v) 
     I was sent on a three months' training course to Karachi. I made all possible attempts to leave my patient in good hands. I returned after three months to see my patient's bed taken up by another. My feet froze to the ground. I did not have the courage to ask, "What happened?" As I stood near the bed with several questions popping in my mind, I felt a gentle pat on my shoulder. I turned around to see a young woman, smiling at me. 
     "Are you looking for your patient?" she said and gave me a big hug.
     "Thank you for everything you did! I know you did not allow them to make me lead a crippled life.
(vi) 
     I stood still, until her family came around with big smiles on their faces. Thanks to Allah, she was my patient, standing and walking on her own feet. I could not recognize her without the machinery and tubes around her body. 
     She walked on crutches, which she would leave in a few months. I was so glad that I had done those exercises on her to keep her limbs in motion. I was glad that my efforts bore fruit. But most of all, I was happy that Allah Almighty had helped me win a lost battle. 
     She and her family had entered into a considerable bond of friendship with me. I was humbled by their sense of gratitude towards me. I felt a sense of renewed sense. 'Where there is a will there is a way'. I was proud to be a nurse. 
8. Drug Addiction
(vii) 
     Drug addiction is a common problem all over the world today. There are many forms of drug addiction, but the most dangerous of all is the absolute dependence on it. Long-term use of drugs causes permanent mental and physical sickness. The more dangerous a substance is used the more risky it becomes. It continuous use causes total dependence on the drug. Some kinds of drugs that cause disturbance of mind and body are heroin, marijuana, tobacco, Valium, cocaine and alcohol.
(viii)
     Drug addiction is caused by environmental factors. A few important environmental factors that may cause drug addiction are bad peer influence and troubled domestic background. When young people remain in bad company and do experiments in the name of adventure, they may fall a prey to addiction. The people who are dissatisfied and discontented with their lives may also resort to drug addiction in order to seek an escape from responsibilities of life.
(ix)
     The most important measure to be taken in this regard is the rehabilitation and recovery of a drug addict. In many countries, including Pakistan, addicts, their families and friends consider it a taboo to share their problem with others. They feel embarrassed to talk about it for fear of being declared an outcast. This not only makes the cure difficult but in most cases the addicts die due to lack of timely treatment and counselling.
(x) 
     Rehabilitation centres are the best places for the control and recovery process. These centres look after the addicts. Complete medical support and guidance is provided to these people in these centres. Drug abusers, therefore, must be taken to proper and certified rehabilitation centres where proper treatment and cure is available for them. However, this requires rapid identification of the problem of drug addiction and full cooperation of the victims with the team of these centres.
(xi)
     The other factor that contributes in rehabilitation of the drug victim is proper counselling. The sooner it is done the better it is for the victim. The counselling process must continue even after the drug abuser is rehabilitated because of the dangers of a relapse. Doctors, family and friends must continue to critically watch and counsel the victim for better motivation and adjustment.
(xii)
     Drug addiction is really a very serious threat to any society. In Pakistan alone, there are almost five million drug addicts. Addicts undergo numerous economic, social and health problems. The governments all over the world have been trying to eliminate drug addiction from society but still more efforts are needed to completely wipe it out. This can only be made possible if the people become increasingly aware of the threats that drugs pose. They should vow firmly to live a healthy and meaningful life.

QUESTION NO. 5
Translate the following paragraphs into Urdu.
9. Noise in the Environment
(i)
     Noise pollution is defined as any form of noise that disrupts the normal functioning of life. If left unchecked, it can have serious effects on the mind and body of humans as well as animals.
     Noise pollution is one of the biggest sources of discomfort, stress and nuisance in Pakistan. In Urban areas and big cities, noise pollution has reached dangerous level. For instance, a survey by the Punjab Environmental Protection Agency claims that the level of noise in Lahore has reached 91 decibels whereas a maximum of 75 s acceptable. This means that the mental and physical health of so many people is already at risk. 
(ii)
     The major causes of noise pollution in Pakistan are road traffic construction sites, careless use of electronic appliances and loud speech patterns. Noise coming from different modes of transport, i.e. vehicles, airplanes, trains, ships, proves to be highly stressful for human communities. With the population growth and development in urban areas, the vehicular traffic has also multiplied. This has given rise to immense noise pollution, largely in the form of unwarranted honking by drivers. Also, the mushroom growth of residential colonies near airports and railway stations has exposed residents to permanent and unavoidable source of noise pollution.
     Another source of noise pollution in urban areas is the work on construction sites. Construction work in urban areas is usually slow and time-consuming. The transport and equipment used at construction sites, its grilling and piercing sound is a big source of noise pollution. It not only disturbs the general public but also affects construction workers by causing mental fatigue. 
(iii)
     Use of technology is another cause of noise pollution. For example, unmonitored use of mobile phones, electricity generators, music systems and TV, all become irritants from time to time. People usually do not switch off their mobiles or put them on silent modes when they enter offices, hospitals, schools and colleges. They also use electricity generators excessively in residential areas and put other residents ill at ease. Moreover, listening to loud music or TV on a loud volume is another source of noise pollution. For this, people need to develop some civic responsibility so that others may not be in trouble because of these careless actions.
(iv)
     Noise pollution causes not only environmental damage but it also has a negative impact on human health. It can cause aggression, hypertension, high stress levels, hearing loss, restlessness, depression and insomnia. Insomnia can further lead to anxiety, bad temper and emotional stress. In addition, noise pollution can seriously affect the learners. This gives them unnecessary mental and physical tension.
(v)
     In Pakistan, there is a dire need to bring down the noise levels, coming from different sources. The government must gear up and utilize various means to control unwarranted noise levels. For example, the Punjab Environmental Protection Agency recommends around 55 decibels of noise level in residential colonies and 75 decibels in commercial areas. These figures must be strictly enforced by the government. Furthermore, the government should ensure smooth traffic flow, block noise emitting vehicles from roads, use noise barriers where necessary, and expedite construction work to minimize noise pollution. Also, the residential societies should come forward, frame and enforce rules in their areas to check unnecessary noise producing agents. Offices, hospitals and academic institutions should strictly prohibit the use of mobile phones on campuses for better noise management. Moreover, people should be discouraged to speak loudly in these areas.
(vi)
     Noise pollution is a serious issue and needs more attention at local and state level. People must develop more awareness about the dangerous impact of noise on human health. It is, therefore, a need to acquire more civic sense and responsible attitude to avoid the unnecessary use of this irritant in the environment. Only then our country would be a much quieter and much more peaceful place to live in.
10. Three Days to See
(vii)
     Sometimes, I have thought that it would be an excellent rule to live each day as if we should die tomorrow. Such an attitude would emphasize sharply the values of life. We should live each day with gentleness, vigour, and a keenness of appreciation which is often lost when time stretches before us in the constant panorama of more days and months and years to come. There are those, of course, who would adopt the epicurean motto of "eat, drink, and be merry" but most people would be chastened by the certainty of impending death.
(viii) 
     In stories, the doomed hero is usually saved at the last minute by some stroke of fortune, but almost always his sense of values is changed. He becomes more appreciative of the meaning of life and its permanent spiritual values. It has often been noted that those who live, or have lived, in the shadow of death bring a mellow sweetness to everything they do.
     Perhaps I can best illustrate by imagining what I should most like to see if I was given the use of my eyes, say for just three days.
(ix)
     On the first day, I should want to see the people whose kindness, gentleness and companionship have made my life worth living.
     The next day -- the second day of sight -- I should arise with the dawn and see the thrilling miracle by which night is transformed into day. I should behold with awe the magnificent panorama of life with which the sun awakens the sleeping earth.
     This day I should devote to a hasty glimpse of the world, past and present. I should want to see the pageant of man's progress, the kaleidoscopic of the ages. How can so much be compressed into one day? Through the museums, of course?
(x)
     The following morning I should greet the dawn, anxious to discover, new delights, for I am sure that, for those who have eyes which really see, the dawn of each day must be perfectly new revelation of beauty. This according to the terms of my miracle is to be my third and last day of sight.
     I shall have not time to waste in regret for longings; there is so much to see. The first day I devoted to my friends, animate and inanimate. The second revealed to me the history of man and nature. Today I shall spend in the workday world of the present, amid the haunts of men going about the business of life. And where can one find so many activities and conditions of men as in New York? So the city becomes my destination.
     Now and then I have tested my seeing friends to discover what they see. Recently, I was visited by a very good friend who had just returned from a long walk in the woods, I asked her what she had observed. "Nothing in particular", she replied. I might have been incredulous had I not been accustomed to such responses, for long ago I became convinced that the seeing see little.
(xi)
     How was it possible, I asked myself, to walk for an hour in the woods and see nothing worthy of note? I who cannot see can find hundreds of things to interest me through mere touch. I feel the delicate symmetry of a leaf. I pass my hands lovingly about the smooth skin of a silver birch, or the rough shaggy bark of a pine. In spring, I touch the branches of trees hopefully in search of a bud, the first sign of awakening Nature after her winter's sleep. I feel the delightful, velvety texture of a flower, and discover its remarkable convolutions; and something of the miracle of Nature is revealed to me. Occasionally, if I am fortunate, I place my hand gently on a small tree and feel the happy quiver of a bird in full song. I am delighted to have the cool waters of a brook rush through my open fingers. To me, a lush carpet of pine needles or spongy grass is more welcome than the most luxurious Persian rug. To me the pageant of seasons is a thrilling and unending drama, the action of which streams through my finger tips.
(xii)
    If I were the president of a university, I should establish a compulsory course in "How to Use Your Eyes". The professor would try to show his pupils how they could add joy to their lives by really seeing what passes unnoticed before them. He would try to awaken their dormant and sluggish faculties. 

Saturday, 16 September 2017

DAY TEN - LETTERS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 9)

DAY TEN - LETTERS

(i) Write a letter to your mother who is worried about your health. 

Examination Hall, 
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Mother, 
    I am glad to know that your are fine. I was running temperature due to bad throat. But it was a temporary ailment. I have recovered now. You need not worry about my health. I am perfectly all right. It is just weakness followed by the disease. 
Pay my regards to all at home. 

Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z.

(ii) Write a letter to your father asking him about the health of your mother. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Father, 
     From Ali's letter I have come to know that mother is suffering from high blood pressure. I am really worried about her. Please ask her to take her medicine regularly and inform me about her present condition as early as possible. 
Anxiously waiting for your reply. 

Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z. 

(iii) Write a letter to your sister congratulating her on her success in the exams. 

Examination Hall, 
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Sister, 
     I received your letter yesterday. I am glad to know that you have stood in your class. I am very proud of you. I believe you will translate the dreams of your parents and teachers. I owe you a gift. I will reach home this Sunday and give this gift to you personally. 
Pay my regards to all at home. 

Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.

(iv) Write a letter to your mother about the test you have just taken. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Mother, 
     I am sorry, I did not write to you earlier as I was busy preparing for my test in Physics. It was held yesterday. My performance in the test is satisfactory, I hope to get full marks in it. I request you to pray for my brilliant success. 
Pay my regards to everyone at home. 

Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z.

(v) Write a letter to your father requesting him to send you some extra funds for the payment of hostel dues. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Father, 
     My performance in studies is outstanding. However, I am upset financially. For the last few moths, I have been finding it difficult to meet my expenses out of the amount you send me every month. I, therefore, request an increase of 2000 rupees in my monthly allowance. 
Pay my regards to everyone at home. 

Yours affectionately, 
X.Y.Z. 

(vi) Write a letter to your brother about the importance of the study of science subjects. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Hamza,
     I am glad to know that you have now been promoted to class nine. It is time for you to decide whether you would like to study humanities or science subjects. Present people live in an "age of science". Therefore, I advise you to opt science at least up to matriculation level.
Convey my salam to your friends.

Yours affectionately,
X.Y.Z.

(vii) Write a letter to your friend congratulating her on her birthday. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Ayesha,
     I am glad to know that you are going to celebrate your sixteenth birthday. I am sorry that I cannot come to attend your party because of illness of my mother. However, I have posted you a gift which is a token of my love for you. May you live all the days of your life!
Convey my respects to aunt and uncle.

Yours sincerely,
X.Y.Z.

(viii) Write a letter to your friend requesting her to spend her spring holidays with you. 

Examination Hall,
A.B.C. (City)
March 20, 2018

Dear Ayesha,
     You know that our spring holidays are approaching. I would like you to spend these holidays with me. In your last letter you promised to come to me during these holidays. Now it is time to fulfill your promise.
Pay my respects to aunt and uncle.

Yours sincerely,
X.Y.Z.

PAPER TIPS TO IMPROVE GRADES


PAPER TIP NO. 1 - WHAT + HOW


Tuesday, 5 September 2017

DAY FOURTEEN - COMPREHENSIONS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 9)

COMPREHENSION OF A PASSAGE

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     Early rising is a good habit as it gives us early start of our day's work. We gain time while the late risers are asleep. The early risers have another advantage also and that is they enjoy good and sound health. Those who are out of bed early have plenty of time to do their work carefully, steadily and completely. They do not have to put off anything to the next day. The early riser is always happy, fresh and smart. He enjoys his work while those who get up late find their duty dull and dry and do it unwillingly. Early rising is therefore, a key to success in life. 

(i) What kind of habit early rising is?
Ans. Early rising is a good habit as it gives us early start of our day's work. 
(ii) Why can an early riser do more work than the later riser?
Ans. It is because he gains time while the late riser is asleep. 
(iii) Why does an early riser enjoy good health?
Ans. He enjoys good health because he is always happy, fresh and smart. 
(iv) Why does a late riser find his work dull and dry?
Ans. It is because he does his work unwillingly. 
(v) What is the key to success in life?
Ans. Early rising is the key to success in life. 

2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     Iqbal is not only the greatest poet of our age, but also one of the greatest poets of all times. There are not many poets who wrote as many great poems as he did. He did not write poetry for poetry's sake. He was in fact much more than a mere poet. He was a learned man. He was a great scholar and philosopher. He was a political leader of great importance. But more than anything he was a Muslim who had a great love for Allah and the Rassolullah (SAW). He wrote poetry to express the great and ever lasting truths of philosophy, history and Islam. He wrote poetry to awaken the Muslims of the whole world from the deep sleep and asked them to unite. 

(i) Why is Iqbal considered to be one of the greatest poets of all times?
Ans. It is because there are not many poets who wrote as many great poems as he did. 
(ii) Did he write poetry for poetry's sake?
Ans. No, he did not write poetry for poetry's sake. 
(iii) How can you say that Iqbal was much more than a mere poet? 
Ans. He was a learned man, a great scholar and philosopher, and a political leader of great importance. 
(iv) What kind of Muslim was Iqbal?
Ans. He was a Muslim who had a great love for Allah and the Rasoolullah (SAW). 
(v) With what aim did he write poetry?
Ans. He wrote poetry to awaken the Muslims from the deep sleep of ignorance. 
(vi) What was Iqbal's call to the Muslims of the whole world?
Ans. His call to the Muslims of the whole world was to 'be united'. 

3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     One day a girl found a coin. It rolled away before her broom when she was sweeping the yard, and fell with a clatter against the wall. She ran and picked it up. Someone had dropped it while crossing the yard and perhaps had not even troubled to look for it. It was worth little. But it seemed a whole fortune to her, who never had anything of her own before. She rubbed it clean on the sleeve of her blue cotton jacket and put it into her pocket. 

(i) What did the girl find? 
Ans. She found a coin. 
(ii) When did she find it?
Ans. She found it when she was sweeping the yard. 
(iii) How had the coin been there?
Ans. Someone had dropped it while crossing the yard. 
(iv) What was the worth of the coin?
Ans. It was worth little. 
(v) Why was it a whole fortune for her?
Ans. It was because she never had anything of her own before. 
(vi) How did she clean it?
Ans. She rubbed it clean on the sleeve of her jacket. 
(vii) What did she do after cleaning it?
Ans. She put it into her pocket. 

4. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     In December, 1930 Dr. Muhammad Iqbal was invited to preside over the annual meeting of the All India Muslim League at Allahabad. In his address he openly opposed the idea of power-sharing together of Hindus and Muslims as one nation. He declared that the move to apply one constitution to both the Hindus and Muslims would result in a civil war. He wanted to see the Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa a single state for the Muslims, so that they should live according to the teachings of Islam. We can say that Allama Iqbal was the first thinker to give us the idea of a separate homeland for the Muslims of India i.e. partition of the Sub-continent into two sovereign states. The Muslims soon realized the importance of the demand for two separate states. It was then the Pakistan Resolution was adopted in 1940. 

(i) Where was the annual meeting of the All India Muslim League held in 1930?
Ans. It was held at Allahabad. 
(ii) Who was invited to preside over the session?
Ans. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal was invited to preside over the session. 
(iii) What idea did Allama Iqbal oppose?
Ans. He opposed the idea of power-sharing together of Hindus and Muslims as one nation. 
(iv) Which provinces did he want to be included in the Muslim state?
Ans. Those were; Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. 
(v) On what grounds did he demand a separate state for the Muslims of India?
Ans. He wanted that the Muslims could live according to the teachings of Islam. 
(vi) When was the Pakistan Resolution moved?
Ans. It was moved in 1940. 

5. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     There was once a man whose doctor gave him medicine which was quite black. His servant who was illiterate made a mistake and poured out a dose of ink in place of the drug. He gave it to his master who drank it. After the patient had taken the dose of ink the servant somehow realized his mistake. He ran back to his master and said, "Sir, I have given you a dose of ink instead of the medicine as both were equally black, what should be done now?" The master replied softly, "Now give me a piece of blotting paper to swallow."

(i) What was the colour of the medicine? 
Ans. It was quite black. 
(ii) What did the servant give to his master?
Ans. He gave him a dose of ink in place of the drug. 
(iii) When did the servant come to know of his mistake?
Ans. After the master had taken the dose of ink the servant came to know of his mistake. 
(iv) What did the servant do? 
Ans. The servant told his master the truth. 
(v) What did the master say to his servant?
Ans. He said, "Now give me a piece of blotting paper to swallow."

DAY THIRTEEN - COMPREHENSIONS (ENGLISH GUESS PAPER FOR CLASS 9)

COMPREHENSION OF A PASSAGE

1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     We see a kind of milk in tins. It is powdered milk. All the water in this milk has evaporated. When fresh milk stays in a dish for a little time, the thick part of the milk comes to the top. It is the cream of the milk. From this cream people make butter. If milk with the cream on it is made into powder, it is called Full Cream Milk Powder. When something floating is taken off the top of a liquid we say it is skimmed. When the cream is skimmed from the milk, the thin milk that stays is called 'Skim Milk'. Skim milk is a good milk but it has no fat in it. It is not good for very young babies. 

(i) Is the milk in tins powdered or liquid?
Ans. It is powdered. 
(ii) What becomes of the water in the milk?
Ans. It evaporates. 
(iii) What comes to the top of the fresh milk when it stays a little in a dish?
Ans. The thick part of the milk comes to the top. 
(iv) What does the thick part of the milk has in it?
Ans. It has fat in it. 
(v) What is cream?
Ans. It is the fat of the milk which comes to the top of it. 
(vi) What do people make from cream?
Ans. They make butter from it. 

2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) was extremely kind-hearted and just to the people. His army had strict orders not to do any harm to the farmers, aged persons, women, children and other civilians. "They are the real strength of society", he said, "They should always be treated with kindness and respect". This was something new for the conquered people, who felt very happy now. The Iranian and Byzantine officers were very hard on them. Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed's (RA) treatment won their hearts so much that they began to hate their old masters. 

(i) How did Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) treat the people?
Ans. He (RA) was extremely kind-hearted and just to the people. 
(ii) What were the orders given to the army?
Ans. He had ordered his army not to do any harm to the civilians. 
(iii) What did he say about the farmers and civilians? 
Ans. He said, "They are the real strength of society. They should be treated with kindness and respect."
(iv) How had their former masters treated them?
Ans. They were very hard on them. 
(v) How did Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) win the hearts of the conquered people?
Ans. He (RA) won their hearts with kindness. 
(vi) Why did the people hate their old masters?
Ans. They hated them for their unkind treatment. 

3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     A man is known by the company he keeps. A good student should avoid the company of those who keep playing all the time. Many students miss their classes and seldom do their homework because some other fellow students do the same. There are hardworking students also who work while others play. They enjoy the games of their choice because they know that playing games is essential for health. A sick student is not so quick in learning his lesson as a healthy one. 

(i) What kind of company should a good student keep?
Ans. He should keep good company. 
(ii) Why do some students miss their classes?
Ans. They do so because some other fellow students do the same. 
(iii)  Why do good students enjoy good health?
Ans. It is because they work and play at proper time. 
(iv) Why are games necessary for students?
Ans. It is because games keep them healthy and active. 
(v) Where does the success of a student lie?
Ans. It lies in following a timetable of work and play. 

4. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     About sixty years ago the question of choosing a profession was not taken up seriously. A son generally followed the trade of his father. But nowadays one can take up a trade one likes. The students who make the right choice of profession are always successful. For the right choice of a profession there should be some definite aim. The students who do not have any definite aim suffer a lot in the end as they have also difficulty in finding an employment. In choosing a profession the teacher and the parents play a very important part. The teacher keeps an eye on his pupils. He studies their habits. So he can put his pupils on the right path of life.

(i) What were the conditions about the choice of a profession sixty years ago?
Ans. The question of choosing a profession was not taken up seriously then.
(ii) Why did the people not choose the profession seriously?
Ans. It was because a son generally followed the trade of his father.
(iii) Can a student of the present times choose his profession freely?
Ans. Yes, he can.
(iv) What is the advantage of a right choice of a profession?
Ans. The right choice of a profession makes one successful in life.
(v) How can a student choose his profession rightly?
Ans. He can do so if he has a definite aim in life.
(vi) What will be the difficulty of a student who is studying without a definite aim?
Ans. It would be difficult for him to get an employment.
(vii) How can a teacher help his pupils in making a choice of profession? 
Ans. A teacher keeps an eye on his pupils. He studies their habits. So he can put his pupils on the right path of life.

5. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end. 
     Musa was in chief command, and the gates were in his charge. They had been barred when the Christians came in view; but Musa threw them open. "Our bodies", he said, "will bar the gates." The young men were kindled by such words, and when he told them, "We have nothing to fight for but the ground we stand on; and without that we are without a home or a country", they were ready to die with him. With such a leader, the Moorish cavaliers performed feats of bravery in the plain which divided the camp from the city.

(i) Who was the chief commander and what was in his charge?
Ans. Musa was the chief commander and the gates were in his charge.
(ii) When were the gates barred?
Ans. The gates were barred when the Christians came in view.
(iii) Who threw them open?
Ans. Musa threw them open.
(iv) What did Musa say?
Ans. He said, "Our bodies will bar the gates."
(v) What effect had his words on the young men?
Ans. They were ready to die with him.
(vi) What divided the city from the camp?
Ans. The feats of bravery of the Moorish cavaliers divided the city from the camp.