(ii) We should be ready to give any sacrifice for the honour and dignity of our country.
(iii) We must obey laws and respect authority.
(a) Print media
(b) Electronic media
Ans. Sultan Ahmad Mosque is also known as Blue Mosque because;
(i) Magnificent hand-painted blue tiles adorn the mosque's interior walls.
(ii) At night the mosque is bathed in blue as lights frame the mosque's five main domes, six minarets and eight secondary domes.
Ans. The royal architect, Sedefkar Mehmat Aga was appointed as the architect of the mosque. He was the Ottoman architect of the Sultan Ahmad Mosque in Istanbul. He synthesized the ideas of his master Sinan, aiming for the overwhelming size, majesty and splendour.
Ans. The Hagia Sophia was built as a church by Justinian the Great between 532 and 537. On 29 May 1453, the Sultan of Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II, conquered Constantinople and changed the church into a mosque and modified its structure somewhat.
Ans. A heavy iron chain was hung at the upper part of a door from where the king was to enter the mosque. The king had to bow down his head to avoid the hit of the chain. It was a symbol by which the king showed his humbleness to Allah Almighty.
Ans. The lower interior of the mosque is lined with more than 20,000 ceramic tiles in more than 50 designs. The gallery is decorated with the designs of flowers, fruits and cypresses. The upper level of the interior is painted blue. The floors are covered with carpets. The whole interior looks beautiful.
Ans. The speaker is extremely sensitive to the beauty of nature. He is similar to William Wordsworth's speakers in this respect. He is attracted to the light wind, soft snow, the trees and the silence. He enjoys the scene very much. Therefore, he stops there.
Ans. The horse wonders why his rider has stopped near a deep dark woodland at night. He fears that they might suffer something wrong. Therefore, he is waiting impatiently for the next move of his master.
One day in 1802, the speaker was wayfaring alone along the side of a lake at Grasmere, Cumbria Country, England, While wandering like a cloud, the speaker discovers a shore lined with a large number of golden daffodils. These yellow and crown shaped flowers were growing beside the lake and under a tree. These were dancing in the breeze and stretching like the stars in the Milky Way. The waves of the lake were also undulating with joy but the dance of daffodils surpassed them. The speaker was much delighted to see this mesmerizing scene.
In the end the speaker says that whenever he is lonely and in a thoughtful mood, the charismatic sight of daffodils comes into his imagination and his heart is filled with ecstatic pleasure. In short, the poem reminds us of Keats' line;
3. Write down the summary of the poem "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost.
On a dark winter evening, the narrator stops his little stallion to watch the snow falling in the woods. Finding that the owner of the woods is absent, he lingers his stay to relish isolation and the beauty of Nature. The horse is confused at stopping far away from any farmhouse. Therefore, he shakes his harness bell to ask if there is some mistake. Now the narrator realizes the pull of obligations and the considerable distance before he can rest for the night, and reluctantly continues on his way.
In short, the poem trumpets the beauty of Nature and hints at the need to carry on the daily affairs of life. The world of fantasy is very inviting and seductive. However, one must maintain balance between the world of fantasy and of reality.