8. PASSIVE VOICE

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

QUESTION NO. 36 (V1)
1. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Present Indefinite Tense)
(i) You take a bath daily.
Passive Voice: A bath is taken by you daily.
(ii) Kurshid helps Naushaba.
Passive Voice: Naushaba is helped by Kurshid.
(iii) The boy makes the picture. 
Passive Voice: The picture is made by the boy.
(iv) She loves her cat very much.
Passive Voice: Her cat is loved by her very much.
(v) We use milk for making cheese.
Passive: Milk is used by us for making cheese.
(vi) She likes apples. 
Passive Voice: Apples are liked by her.
(vii) The mother loves the children.
Passive Voice: The children are loved by the mother.
(viii) We do not like boxing.
Passive Voice: Boxing is not like by us.
(ix) Does she know me?
Passive Voice: Am I known by her?
(x) Who boils eggs?
Passive Voice: By whom are eggs boiled?
2. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Future Indefinite Tense)
(i) He will write a letter. 
Passive Voice: A letter will be written by him.
(ii) I shall order the carriage.
Passive Voice: The carriage will be ordered by me.
(iii) People will soon forget it. 
Passive Voice: It will be soon forgotten by people.
(iv) He will finish the work in a fortnight.
Passive Voice: The work will be finished in a fortnight by him.
(v) He will give you a box of chocolates.
Passive Voice: You will be given a box of chocolates by him.
(vi) My teacher will help me in my studies.
Passive Voice: I shall be helped in my studies by my mother.
(vii) She will help me. 
Passive Voice: I shall be helped by her.
(viii) We shall not betray our country.
Passive Voice: Our country will not be betrayed by us.
(ix) Will the officer warn the peon?
Passive Voice: Will the peon be warned by the officer?
(x) Who will oppose you? 
Passive Voice:  By whom will you be opposed?
3. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Imperative Sentences)
(i) Open the door. 
Passive Voice: Let the door be opened.
(ii) Shut the window.
Passive Voice: Let the window be shut.
(iii) Turn off the television.
Passive Voice: Let the television be turned off.
(iv) Learn your lesson.
Passive Voice: Let your lesson be learnt.
(v) Speak the truth.
Passive Voice: Let the truth be spoken.
(vi) Help the poor.
Passive Voice: Let the poor be helped.
(vii) Clean your room.
Passive Voice: Let your room be cleaned.
(viii) Do it. 
Passive Voice: Let it be done.
(ix) Don't touch it.
Passive Voice: Let it not be touched.
(x) Don't tell a lie. 
Passive Voice: Let a lie not be told.

QUESTION NO. 37 (V2)
1. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Past Indefinite Tense)
(i) They caught the thief. 
Passive Voice: The thief was caught by them.
(ii) He took away my books.
Passive Voice: My books were taken away by him.
(iii) She sang a song. 
Passive Voice: A song was sung by her.
(iv) She bought five video films.
Passive Voice: Five video films were bought by her.
(v) A car ran over an old man.
Passive Voice: An old man was run over by a car.
(vi) The driver opened the door of the car.
Passive Voice: The door of the car was opened by the driver.
(vii) The sudden noise frightened the child. 
Passive Voice: The child was frightened by the sudden noise.
(viii) She gave me five films.
Passive Voice: I was given five films by her.
(ix) He praised the boy for his courage.
Passive Voice: The boy was praised for his courage by him.
(x) The doctor asked her to stay in bed.
Passive Voice: She was asked to stay in bed by the doctor.
2. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Past Indefinite Tense)
(i) I did not paint the wall.
Passive Voice: The wall was not painted by me.
(ii) We did not hear a sound.
Passive Voice: A sound was not heard by us.
(iii) She did not tell a lie.
Passive Voice: A lie was not told by her.
(iv) He did not fulfill the promise.
Passive Voice: The promise was not fulfilled by him.
(v) He did not open the door.
Passive Voice: The door was not opened by him.
(vi) She did not obey her parents.
Passive Voice: Her parents were not obeyed by her.
(vii) She did not write a letter to him. 
Passive Voice: A letter was not written to him by her.
(viii) They did not help us.
Passive Voice: We were not helped by them.
(ix) The police did not arrest the thief.
Passive Voice: The thief was not arrested by the police.
(x) The students did not complete the homework.
Passive Voice: The homework was not completed by the students.
3. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Past Indefinite Tense)
(i) Did they catch the thief?
Passive Voice: Was the thief caught by them?
(ii) Did you visit the zoo?
Passive Voice: Was the zoo visited by you?
(iii) Did he make a wise decision?
Passive Voice: Was a wise decision made by him?
(iv) Did they sign the agreement?
Passive Voice: Was the agreement signed by them?
(v) Did the technician check all the cars?
Passive Voice: Were all the cars checked by the technician?
(vi) Did the president make an important speech last night?
Passive Voice: Was an important speech made by the president last night?
(vii) Why did he insult you?
Passive Voice: Why were you insulted by him?
(viii) Why did she write such a letter?
Passive Voice: Why was such a letter written by her?
(ix) Who did it?
Passive Voice: By whom was it done?
(x) Who killed the snake?
Passive Voice: By whom was the snake killed?
QUESTION NO. 38 (V3)
1. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Present Perfect Tense)
(i) I have sold my bicycle. 
Passive Voice: My bicycle has been sold by me.
(ii) They have won the match.
Passive Voice: The match has been won by them.
(iii) The have bought a horse.
Passive Voice: A horse has been bought by them.
(iv) We have done our homework.
Passive Voice: Our homework has been done by us.
(v) The Board has given me a gold medal.
Passive Voice: A gold medal has been given to me by the Board.
(vi) She has not beaten the dog.
Passive Voice: The dog has not been beaten by her.
(vii) We have not taken tea.
Passive Voice: Tea has not been taken by us.
(viii) They have not done their job.
Passive Voice: Their job has not been done by them.
(ix) Have you finished your work?
Passive Voice: Has your work been finished by you?
(x) Who has punished you?
Passive Voice: By whom have you been punished?
2. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Past Perfect Tense)
(i) They had gained nothing.
Passive Voice: Nothing had been gained by them.
(ii) The teacher had punished the boy. 
Passive Voice: The boy had been punished by the teacher.
(iii) He had told me to do it.
Passive Voice: I had been told by him to do it.
(iv) I had never experienced such difficulty?
Passive Voice: Such difficulty had never been experienced by me.
(v) We had not seen him before.
Passive Voice: He had not been seen by us before.
(vi) They had not done their home task.
Passive Voice: Their home task had not been done by them.
(vii) He had not applied for the job.
Passive Voice: The job had not been applied for by him.
(viii) Had she solved the problem?
Passive Voice: Had the problem been solved by her?
(ix) Why had she not prepared the dinner?
Passive Voice: Why had the dinner not been prepared by her?
(x) Who had opposed you?
Passive Voice: By whom had you been opposed?
3. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Future Perfect Tense)
(i) We shall have killed the snake. 
Passive Voice: The snake will have been killed by us.
(ii) He will have read this book.
Passive Voice: This book will have been read by him.
(iii) We shall have finished our work by March next.
Passive Voice: Our work will have been finished by us by March next.
(iv) They will have sold their house.
Passive Voice: Their house will have been sold by them.
(v) Children will have eaten sweets.
Passive Voice: Sweets will have been eaten by children.
(vi) They will have elected him their leader.
Passive Voice: He will have been elected their leader by them.
(vii) They will not have surrendered the enemy. 
Passive Voice: The enemy will not have been surrendered by them.
(viii) Will they have caught the train?
Passive Voice: Will the train have been caught by them?
(ix) Will she has forgiven him?
Passive Voice: Will he have been forgiven by her?
(x) Who will have paid the bill?
Passive Voice: By whom will the bill have been paid?
QUESTION NO. 39 (V1 + ing)
1. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Present Continuous Tense)
(i) I am making the map of Pakistan.
Passive Voice: The map of Pakistan is being made by me.
(ii) I am waiting for him. 
Passive Voice: He is being waited for by me.
(iii) I am looking for my watch. 
Passive Voice: My watch is being looked for by me.
(iv) We are printing a new book.
Passive Voice: A new book is being printed by us.
(v) He is abusing me for nothing.
Passive Voice: I am being abused by him for nothing.
(vi) They are buying this house.
Passive Voice: This house is being bought by them.
(vii) They are buying new clothes. 
Passive Voice: New clothes are being bought by them.
(viii) The boy is climbing the wall.
Passive Voice: The wall is being climbed by the boy.
(ix) The mason is building the wall.
Passive Voice: The wall is being built by the mason.
(x) The milkman is milking the cow.
Passive Voice: The cow is being milked by the milkman.
2. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Present Continuous Tense)
(i)  I am not wasting time. 
Passive Voice: Time is not being wasted by me.
(ii) He is not carrying bricks to the roof. 
Passive Voice: Brick are not being carried to the roof by him.
(iii) She is not telling a lie. 
Passive Voice: A lie is not being told by her.
(iv) They are not doing their homework.
Passive Voice: Their homework is not being done by them.
(v) Are you listening the news?
Passive Voice: Is the news being listened by you?
(vi) Are they opening the gifts?
Passive Voice: Are the gifts being opened by them?
(vii) Why is he mending the chair?
Passive Voice: Why is the chair being mended by him?
(viii) Why is he not learning his lessons?
Passive Voice: Why are his lessons not being learnt by him?
(ix) Who is ringing the bell?
Passive Voice: By whom is the bell being rung?
(x) Who is asking questions?
Passive Voice: By whom are questions being asked?
3. Change the following sentences into passive voice. (Past Continuous Tense)
(i) She was teaching the students. 
Passive Voice: The students were being taught by her.
(ii) You were telling a story.
Passive Voice: A story was being told by you.
(iii) They were saying their prayers. 
Passive Voice: Their prayers were being said by them.
(iv) The teacher was helping the students.
Passive Voice: The students were being helped by the teacher.
(v) Children were making a noise.
Passive Voice: A noise was being made by children.
(vi) They were not making false promises.
Passive Voice: False promises were not being made by them.
(vii) How was he making a picture?
Passive Voice: How was a picture being made by him?
(viii) Why were they beating the boy?
Passive Voice: Why was the boy being beaten by them?
(ix) Who was knocking at the door?
Passive Voice: By whom was the door being knocked at?
(x) Who was asking about you?
Passive Voice: By whom were you being asked about?

QUESTION NO. 40
1. Change the following sentences into active voice. (Present Tenses)
(i) The picture is made by the boy.
Active Voice: The boy makes the picture.
(ii) The children are loved by the mother.
Active Voice: The mother loves the children.
(iii) Grammar is taught to us by Mr. Ahmad.
Active Voice: Mr. Ahmad teaches us grammar.
(iv) Let the oranges be eaten.
Active Voice: Eat the oranges.
(v) The thief is being caught by the police.
Active Voice: The police is catching the thief.
(vi) He is being deceived by his own friends.
Active Voice: His own friends are deceiving him.
(vii) Bananas are being eaten by the child.
Active Voice: The child is eating bananas.
(viii)  A car has been bought by him. 
Active Voice: He has bought a car.
(ix) The job has been finished by me.
Active Voice: I have finished the job.
(x) By whom have eggs been boiled?
Active Voice: Who has boiled eggs?
2. Change the following sentences into active voice. (Past Tenses)
(i) The watch was lost by my mother.
Active Voice: My mother lost the watch.
(ii) An essay was written by him. 
Active Voice: He wrote an essay.
(iii) Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming. 
Active Voice: Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin.
(iv) The burglar was arrested by the police. 
Active Voice: The police arrested the burglar.
(v) Was the bell rung by a boy?
Active Voice: Did a boy ring the bell?
(vi) By whom was this letter written?
Active Voice: Who wrote this letter?
(vii) Why was such a letter written by your brother?
Active Voice: Why did your brother write such a letter?
(viii) Football was being played by them.
Active Voice: They were playing football.
(ix) The students were being taught by her.
Active Voice: She was teaching the students.
(x) My purse had been stolen by somebody.
Active Voice: Somebody had stolen by purse.
3. Change the following sentences into active voice. (Future Tenses)
(i) A letter will be written by him.
Active Voice: He will write a letter.
(ii) The room will be cleaned by Najma.
Active Voice: Najma will clean the room.
(iii) It will be soon forgotten by people.
Active Voice: People will soon forget it.
(iv) You will be given a box of chocolates by him.
Active Voice: He will give you a box of chocolates.
(v) I shall be helped by her. 
Active Voice: She will help me.
(vi) By whom will you be opposed?
Active Voice: Who will oppose you?
(vii) The snake will have been killed by us. 
Active Voice: We shall have killed the snake.
(viii) Our work will have been finished by us by March next.
Active Voice: We shall have finished our work by March next.
(ix) Their house will have been sold by them.
Active Voice: They will have sold their house.
(x) Will the train have been caught by them?
Active Voice: Will they have caught the train?


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